Introduction to Lathe

Lathe is a machine widely used for wood works and machining of metal parts. Lathe is a machine which turns the work piece against a machine tool. The lathe is used for facing, turning, knurling, taper cutting, threading, gear cutting and many other metal and wood works.

Parts of Lathe
Parts of Lathe

History of Lathe

Lathe is a very ancient tool and its first use dates back to 1300 BC in Egypt. Lathe was also known and used in assyria and greece. Ancient romans came to know about this machine and they further developed this machine. During the medieval period, the use of this machine had
spread to most parts of Europe and it was during the industrial revolution when this machine gained popularity with its use in all the industries. After the development of electronics, automated lathes have been developed.

Evolution of lathe

The first lathe was a simple lathe which is now referred to as two person lathe. One person would turn the wood work piece using rope and the other person would shape the work piece using a sharp tool. This design was improved by ancient romans who added a turning bow which eased the wood work. Later a pedal (as in manual sewing machines) was used for rotating the work piece. This type of lathe is called “spring pole” lathe which was used till the early decades of the 20th century. In 1772, a horse-powered boring machine was installed which was used for making
cannons. During the industrial revolution, steam engines and water wheels were attached to the lathe to turn the work piece at higher speed which made the work faster and easier. After 1950, many new designs were made
improved the precision of work.