The work measurement is the application of techniques to establish the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified work at a defined level of performance.
Work measurement is concerned with the determination of the amount of time required to perform a unit of work. Work measurement is very important for promoting productivity of an organization. It enables management to compare alternate methods and also to do initial staffing. Work measurement provides basis for proper planning.
The objectives of work measurement are as follows:
- To plan and schedule of production,
- To formulate a proper incentive scheme, and
- To estimate the selling prices and delivery dates.
The principal techniques used to measure work are
- Time study,
- Predetermined motion time system (PMTS),
- Analytical estimating, and
- Activity (work) sampling.
Techniques of Work Measurement
Work measurement is investigating and eliminating ineffective time. It not only reveals the existence of ineffective time. But it can be used to set standard times for carrying out the work so that ineffective time does not evolve later. It will be immediately found out by the increased standard time. For the purpose of work measurement, work may be regarded as repetitive work and non-repetitive work.