A Turning Center is simply a CNC lathe with a multi-station turret and an enclosure.
Notice the turret attached to the cross slide. Note: the CNC control and the enclosure are not shown.
Characteristics of Turning Centers
- Turret is on the far side to ease part loading and unloading.
- Heavy for increased rigidity.
- High spindle speeds to effectively use hard cutters.
- Powerful motors.
- Communication capabilities.
Turning Center Coordinate System
Z is the length of the part.
X is the diameter of the part.
The partially shaded circle represents the origin.
The programmer chooses the location of the origin on the part, usually the back, center or front, center.
We will always use the back, center since it simplifies machine set-up.
Program to move the tool, not the work.